Flora

Searchable, sortable list of plants.

These are the plants in the yard. Previous homeowners planted a few of them. My sister planted a few. A few others planted themselves. I planted the rest.

* Plant information taken from the sources listed on the 'Resources' page, along with my own experience.

Thumb | Common Name | Scientific Name | Type | Sun | Moisture | Height | Width | Season | Notes |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Alexander, Golden | Zizia aurea | forb | F-PS | M-W | 1-3 | spr | Caterpillar host for black swallowtails. | ||

Ash, Mountain | Sorbus decora | tree | F | M-W | 20-35 | 15-25 | fall | ||

Aster, Aromatic | Symphyotrichum oblongifolium | forb | F | M-D | 1-2 | 1 | fall | Late bloomer. | |

Aster, Heart Leaved | Symphyotrichum cordifolium | forb | PS-S | M | 2-4 | 1 | fall | Excellent for bees. | |

Aster, New England | Symphyotrichum novae-angliae | forb | F-PS | M | 3-5 | 2 | fall | ||

Aster, Smooth | Symphyotrichum laeve | forb | F-PS | M-D | 3-5 | 1 | fall | ||

Baneberry, Red | Actaea rubra | forb | P-S | M | 2-3 | 1 | sum | ||

Beech, Blue | Carpinus caroliniana | tree | F-S | M | 20-30 | 20-30 | all | Shade tolerant. Good fall color | |

Bergamot | Monarda fistulosa | forb | F | M-D | 2-4 | 1-1.5 | sum | Bergamot is like beer. | |

Birch, European White | Betula pendula | tree | sum | Not a native birch. | |||||

Blazing Star, Meadow | Liatris ligulistylis | forb | F | M | 3-4 | sum | Monarch favorite! | ||

Blazing Star, Prairie | Liatris pycnostachya | forb | F-PS | W-M | 2-4 | .5 | sum | ||

Bloodroot | Sanguinaria canadensis | forb | S-PS | M | .5 | spr | Early blooming woodland flower. | ||

Blueberry | Vaccinium x 'Northsky' | shrub | F | M | 4 | 3-4 | sum | Hybrid variety. | |

Boneset | Eupatorium perfoliatum | forb | F-PS | W-M | 3-4 | 1 | sum | ||

Cardinal Flower | Lobelia cardinalis | forb | F-PS | W-M | 2-4 | .5 | sum | Hummingbird favorite. | |

Catchfly, Royal | Silene regia | forb | F | M-D | 2-3 | 1 | sum | ||

Chokeberry, Glossy Black | Aronia melanocarpa | shrub | F-PS | W-D | 4-6 | 4-6 | fall | ||

Chokecherry, Common | Prunus virginiana | tree | F-P | M-D | 20-35 | 12-15 | sum | ||

Clover, Purple Prairie | Dalea purpurea | forb | F | M-D | 1-3 | sum | Polinator favorite. Protect from rabbits. | ||

Columbine, Wild | Aquilegia canadensis | forb | F-PS | M-D | 1-3 | 1 | sum | ||

Common Ox-eye | Heliopsis helianthoides | forb | F-P | M-W | 2-4 | 1.5 | sum | ||

Coneflower, Purple | Echinacea purpurea | forb | F-PS | M | 3-4 | 2-3 | sum | ||

Coralberry | Symphoricarpos orbiculatus | shrub | F-PS | M-D | 3-4 | 4-6 | fall | ||

Cranberry, American | Viburnum trilobum | shrub | F-S | M | 6-12 | 6-12 | all | Good for all seasons. | |

Culvers Root | Veronicastrum virginicum | forb | F-P | W-M | 2-6 | 1 | sum | ||

Cup Plant | Silphium perfoliatum | forb | F | W-D | 3-8 | 1-2 | sum | ||

Dogwood, Gray | Cornus racemosa | shrub | F-PS | M | 8-12 | 6-10 | fall | ||

Dogwood, Pagoda | Cornus alternifolia | tree | F-S | M | 15-20 | 20-25 | fall | ||

Dogwood, Red-twigged | Cornus sericea | shrub | F-PS | M-W | 6-12 | 6-12 | fall | ||

Dogwood, Roundleaf | Cornus rugosa | shrub | PS-S | M-D | 10 | 8-10 | fall | ||

Fern, Cinnamon | Osmunda cinnamomea | forb | F-S | W-M | 3-4 | 2-3 | spr-fall | ||

Fern, Ostrich | Matteuccia struthiopteris | forb | F-S | W-M | 2-4 | 2-3 | spr-fall | ||

Fern, Sensitive | Onoclea sensibilis | forb | F-S | W-D | 1 | 1-2 | spr-fall | ||

Fir, Balsam | Abies balsamea | tree | F-S | M | 50 | 20 | all | ||

Foxglove Penstemon | Penstemon digitalis | forb | F-PS | D-M | 3-4 | 1 | sum | ||

Goldenrod, Rigid | Oligoneuron riddellii | forb | F | W-M | 3-4 | 1 | sum | ||

Gooseberry, Missouri | Ribes missouriensis | shrub | S | M-D | 3-6 | 3-6 | sum | ||

Hackberry | Celtis occidentalis | tree | F-PS | M-D | 50-75 | 50-75 | win | ||

Hazel, Witch | Hamamelis virginiana | shrub | F-S | M | 20-30 | 25-35 | fall | Shade tolerant. Blossoms in the fall. | |

Hazelnut, American | Corylus americana | shrub | F-PS | M | 6-12 | 6-12 | fall | ||

Hepatica, Sharp-Lobed | Hepatica nobilis | forb | S | M | .5 | spr | Early blooming woodland flower. | ||

Honeysuckle, Grape | Lonicera prolifera | vine | F-S | M | 10 | 1 | sum | ||

Hyssop, Anise | Agastache foeniculum | forb | F-PS | M | 2-3 | 1 | sum | ||

Ironweed | Vernonia fasciculata | forb | F-PS | W-M | 4-6 | 1 | sum | ||

Jack-in-the-Pulpit | Arisaema triphyllum | forb | PS-S | M-D | 1-2 | 1 | fall | ||

Joe-pye-Weed | Eutrochium maculatum | forb | F-PS | W-M | 4-6 | 2 | sum | ||

Leatherwood | Dirca palustris | shrub | PS-S | M-W | 6 | 3-6 | spr | ||

Lily, Yellow Trout | Erythronium americanum | forb | S | M | .5 | spr | Early blooming woodland flower. | ||

Lobelia, Great Blue | Lobelia siphilitica | forb | F-PS | M | 1-3 | 1 | sum | ||

Lupine, Wild | Lupinus perennis | forb | F-PS | D | 1-2 | 1 | spr | ||

Maple, Mountain | Acer spicatum | tree | PS-S | W | 20-30 | 15-25 | sum | Good fall color. | |

Maple, Sugar | Acer saccharum | tree | F-S | M | 60 | 40-50 | sum | Good fall color. | |

Marigold, Marsh | Caltha palustris | forb | F-S | W | 1-2 | 1 | sum | ||

Milkweed, Butterfly | Asclepias tuberosa | forb | F-PS | D-M | 2-3 | 1 | sum | Monarch host plant. | |

Milkweed, Common | Asclepias syriaca | forb | F-PS | D-M | 2-5 | 1 | sum | Monarch host plant. | |

Milkweed, Swamp | Asclepias incarnata | forb | F | W-M | 3-4 | 1 | sum | Monarch host plant. | |

Mushroom, Unknown | Unknown | forb | |||||||

Nannyberry | Viburnum lentago | shrub | F-PS | M | 12-16 | 8-12 | fall | ||

Oak, Bur | Quercus macrocarpa | tree | F-PS | M | 60-80 | 60-80 | fall | Provides more value than any other plant. | |

Petunia, Wild | Ruellia humilis | forb | F-PS | M-D | .5-2 | sum | |||

Phlox, Prairie | Phlox pilosa | forb | F-PS | M-D | 1-2 | sum | |||

Phlox, Wild Blue | Phlox divaricata | forb | PS-S | M | .5-2 | spr | Woodland flower. | ||

Pine, Red | Pinus resinosa | tree | F | M-D | 75 | 35-55 | all | ||

Raspberry | Rubus | shrub | F-PS | M | 3-6 | 6-12 | sum | Uncertain variety. | |

Rattlesnake Master | Eryngium yuccifolium | forb | F-P | M | 3-4 | 1 | sum | ||

Rose, Smooth | Rosa blanda | shrub | F-PS | M-D | 3-6 | 6-8 | sum | Pretty aggresive. | |

Rye, Wild | unknown | grass | F-P | 2-4 | Not sure what type of wild rye. | ||||

Sedge, Wood | Carex rosea | forb | P-S | M-W | 1 | 1 | sum | ||

Serviceberry, Downy | Amelanchier arborea | shrub | F-PS | M-D | 15-25 | 10-15 | spr | ||

Shooting Star, Amethyst | Dodecatheon amethystinum | forb | F-S | M | .5-1.5 | .5 | spr | ||

Sneezeweed | Helenium autumnale | forb | F-PS | W-M | 3-5 | 2 | sum | ||

Snowberry, White | Symphoricarpos albus | shrub | F-PS | W-D | 3-4 | 4-6 | sum | ||

Spiderwort, Ohio | Tradescantia ohiensis | forb | F-PS | M-D | 2-4 | 1 | sum | ||

Spruce, Black | Picea mariana | tree | F-PS | M | 50 | 10-12 | all | ||

Spruce, unknown | Picea | tree | all | ||||||

Spruce, White | Picea glauca | tree | F-PS | W-M | 50 | 12-16 | all | ||

Stinkhorn, Elegant | Mutinus elegans | Not planted | |||||||

Sunflower, Woodland | Helianthus divaricatus | forb | S | M | 5-6 | fall | Pretty aggressive. | ||

Susan, Sweet Black Eyed | Rudbeckia subtomentosa | forb | F-PS | M | 3-6 | 1 | fall | ||

Thimbleberry | Rubus parviflorus | shrub | PS-S | W-M | 4-6 | 3-4 | sum | ||

Waterleaf, Virginia | Hydrophyllum virginianum | forb | P-S | M | 1-2 | 1 | spr | ||

Willow, Pussy | Salix discolor | shrub | F | M | 20 | 10-12 | spr |

We never know the worth of water till the well is dry.

Thomas Fuller

Gnomologia, 1732